Developmental/project editing

This stage of editing if for those who have an idea for a book but don’t know how to begin? Or you may be working with outdated, unfocused marketing materials and needs an image update. Developmental editing includes helping the author to coordinate and revise your entire project from draft to market-ready product.  That includes incorporating input from consultants, designers, and marketing experts to reviewers and other writers, where necessary. We will work with you as much as possible to accommodate your estimated deadline and budget.

Substantive and structural editing

Ideally, your written work should captivate your reader’s imagination and engage his or her mind fully, without causing frustration or rereading for clarification. Substantive editing means heavy editing, whether structural, stylistic, or copy editing, and is typically a combination of the three. Structural editing focuses on logical organization and flow of content to render your document clear, concise, and easy to read at the sentence, paragraph, and chapter levels. A structural edit will ensure your arguments make sense, your plot develops in a compelling fashion, and your information is conveyed accurately and logically.

Stylistic editing

Stylistic editing is sometimes called line editing.  While respecting the tone and unique style of the writer, our team will provide support in clarifying meaning, explaining terminology, eliminating clichés, for a smoother language and polisher style.  In doing so, we will also examine your target audience to help you make the greater impact with your message. Knowing your style and your audience we will help us adjust tone and appropriateness of language; that includes the use of dialogue, if is a fiction. We will work with the sentence level, and syntax for better flow, and smoothness, with the perspective of the reader in mind

Copy editing


This is the most commonly requested type of editing. In this stage, our team will focus on standardize grammar, spelling, punctuation, and other mechanics of style. We will also look consistency of style choices, mechanics, it can also include verifying facts, marking heading levels, approximating placement of art, and notifying the designer of the cover about any unusual production requirements. It also may include providing or editing cover copy and front and back matter, and spot-checking references. No changes in style are done during this type of editing.



Proofreading can be at mistaken for copy editing, however it’s a separate process. Proofing comes after editing and layout, after the page proofs have been prepared by the designer. While copy editing errors may still be found, a proofreader is concerned with other elements. Our team will verify each design element for accuracy and consistency.  That include checking page numbering, headers, level heads, end-of-line breaks, word breaks, page breaks, cross references, and appropriate placement of any art included in the manuscript, such tables, and picture.


MORE ABOUT PROOFREADING: in summary proofreading will focus in the proportions of white space; lines, paragraph, and margin spacing; alignment and consistency of headings, subheadings, headers, widows and orphans; page numbers matching the table of contents and index; and footers; bad word breaks or end-of-line breaks; consistency of photo captions and tables, charts, and figures added in typesetting; and any typographical or other errors. This final stage will also identify and fix other errors left from the editing stage, or any new error resulting from a new revision made by the author.